Audit for Existing Data centers
- Visual inspection
- Space utilization & management
- Internal fit-out condition
- Cable routing
- Air leakages etc……
- Using tools and test instruments
- Power analysers
- Indoor air quality meters for HVAC
- Earthing and lighting
- Thermal Imaging
- Customer’s documents
- Single line diagrams
- Maintenance rosters
- Warranty certificates
- Maintenance contracts
- Standard operating procedures
- Site inspection and survey
- Technical review of the existing electrical distribution system
- Reliability and availability analysis
- Single point of failure analysis
- Summary report
- Proposed Solution
a. Power Quality
Power Audit Service allows for early detection and analysis of potential or existing power problems.
An electrical audit evaluates the integrity of your data centre facility’s electrical distributions system to maximize availability of the mission critical infrastructure. It compares ratings to actual loading of UPS, generators, transformers, ATS, and all breakers that protect the data centre. A harmonic snapshot is evaluated at the main and the load side of each UPS. A single point of failure analysis is conducted, which will identify critical failure points in the system.
We use the high FLUKE Power Analyser for power audit of the UPS and electrical system.
This sensitive equipment is able to analyse the condition and quality of the input and output power and to detect even minor existing or potential problems within the electrical system. These problems can be rectified at the early stages before they trigger major faults so as to minimize potential damages. This Power Audit service enables a safe and optimum power condition for the smooth running of mission critical equipment. The protection of expensive mission critical equipment will lower the cost of operation and increase system availability.
b. Thermal Assessment
Thermography Assessment Service uses infrared thermography to analyze the condition of your data center or computer room’s support infrastructure. We can offer this as a standalone service or integrated into a regular maintenance program. TT will supply you with a detailed assessment, enabling you to manage your facilities support infrastructure for optimum performance, extend the life of your critical support infrastructure, and ensure the highest level of system availability.
Thermography Assessment Service uses a digital infrared thermography camera that captures the integrity of the electrical infrastructure in your data center. CSPM’s professional service technicians will visit the site and collect data pertaining to:
Condition of the power equipment
Electrical infrastructure visual inspection
Equipment maintenance records
A comprehensive report will be presented to you including thermal assessment report using thermal imaging, visual inspection, digital photography, field measurements and recommendations.
c. Cooling Audit
The primary objective of data center cooling systems is to maintain the air temperature at rack inlets within standard operating guidelines. This requires an adequate supply of cooling air as well as effective distribution to the inlets of all the racks. Doing so reduces downtime, extends equipment life and optimizes energy costs associated with the air conditioning system.
To help meet this objective, TT offers a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software that performs a simulation of the data centre airflow. The simulation is performed using the floor plan and equipment specifications of the data center.
After the computer analysis is complete, a cooling audit report is produced that provides detailed information about the temperature distribution and airflow pattern throughout the entire data center, including the underfloor supply plenum and the space above. These results can be used to pinpoint problems such as hot spots, and air recirculation or short-circuiting within a facility, and to help guide design changes.
d. Air Quality Assessment
TT through its Air Quality Audit Team assesses the ambient environmental conditions such as particle content, humidity factors, clean-room factors such as air-change rate. Existence of certain contaminants in the data center air can be harmful to the life of the IT equipment. TT air quality audits follows well-established guidelines such as ISO 14644-1. The assessment will reveal information on:-
• Airborne particulate as well as settled particulate, under and above raised floor.
• Microscopic particle per cubic metre of air.
• Corrosion/oxidation level and how can it be mitigated.
• Sub-floor anti static and condition of sub floor plenum.
• Sub-floor contamination/microbial levels.
• Condition of the vapour barrier, if it exist.
e. Fire & Safety
In today’s ever-growing regulatory compliance landscape, organization can greatly benefit from implementing viable and proven data center physical security best practices for their organization. Recent federal legislation, ranging from the Gramm-Leach Bliley Act (GLBA), the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and The Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX) are putting intense pressure on data centers, co-locations, and managed services entities to comply with a myriad amount of security and privacy issues. What’s more, companies seeking to use services from data centers are actively looking for assurances that a strong control environment is in place, complete with data center security best practices.
- Built and Constructed for Ensuring Physical Protection
The exterior perimeter walls, doors, and windows should be constructed of materials that provide Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (UL) rated ballistic protection.
- Protection of the Physical Grounds
The data center should have in place physical elements that serve as battering rams and physical protection barriers that protect the facility from intruders.
- Security Systems and 24×7 Backup Power
The data center’s security systems should be functioning at all times, complete with uninterruptible power supply (UPS) for ensuring its continuous operation.
- Cages, Cabinets and Vaults
These physical structures which house equipment must be properly installed with no loose or moving components, ultimately ensuring their overall strength and rigidity.
- Man Trap
All data centers should have a man trap that allows for secure access to the data center "floor".
- Electronic Access Control Systems (ACS)
Access to all entry points into and within the data center should be protected by electronic access control mechanisms which allow only authorized individuals to enter the facility. Included within the framework of electronic access control should also be biometric safeguards, such as palm readers, iris recognition, and fingerprint readers.
- Provisioning Process
Any individual requesting access to the data center should be enrolled in a structured and documented provisioning process for ensuring the integrity of the person entering the facility.
All visitors must be properly identified with a current, valid form of identification and must be given a temporary facility badge allowing access to certain areas within the data center. This process must be documented in a ticketing system also.
All exterior doors and sensitive areas within the facility must be hard wired with alarms.
The facility should have a mixture of security cameras in place throughout all critical areas, both inside and out, of the data center. This should include the following cameras: Fixed and pan, tilt, and zoom (PTZ) cameras.
- Badge and Equipment Checks
Periodic checks should be done on employees and customers regarding badge access and equipment ownership.
- Local Law Enforcement Agencies
Management should have documented contact information for all local law enforcement officials in the case of an emergency.
- Data Center Security Staff
These individuals should perform a host of duties on a daily basis, such as monitor intrusion security alarm systems; dispatch mobile security officers to emergencies; monitoring to prevent unauthorized access, such as tailgating; assist all individuals who have authorized access to enter the data center; controlling access to the data center by confirming identity; issue and retrieve access badges; respond to telephone and radio communications.
- Additionally, they should also conduct the following activities:
Response and resolution to security alarms; customer assistance for cage lockouts and escorts; scheduled and unscheduled security inspections; enforcement of no food or drinks on the raised floor area; Enforcement of no unauthorized photography policy; fire and safety patrol inspections.
f. Civil & Structural Testing
services for the evaluation and condition assessment of existing structures, including application of non-destructive, in-situ, and load-testing methods for measuring existing states of stress, material properties, structural behaviour characteristics and material uniformity. Engineers at Construction Diagnostic Centre can tailor a diverse suite of non-destructive or in-situ material tests to meet the unique needs of every project. Evaluation services may include complete structural assessment, vulnerability analysis and preparation of repair & rehabilitation scheme.
- Rebound Hammer Test – To assess the quality and strength of site concrete
- Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity Test – To assess the quality and strength of site concrete
- Concrete Core Extraction – To assess the strength of site concrete, Making holes in RCC for Plumbing / Electrical purpose
- Rebar Location & Cover-meter – Locating Reinforcement in the concrete.
- Half-cell potential Test / Resistivity Test – for reinforcement corrosion mapping
- Pile Integrity Test – For assessing the integrity, continuity & depth of pile
- Vibration Measurement – For measuring Displacement, Velocity & Acceleration of civil structures
- Man made gaps
- Wear and tear gaps
Man made gaps are created during the design and implementation process unknowingly. Wear and tear gaps are created in course of running of site.
It is extremely important to identify the gaps and analyse them. Finding gaps require adequate knowledge of prevalent and adequate standards. A comparison is made between the ‘should have’ and ‘having’. The gaps are analysed based on the risk rating. The high risks gaps are flagged immediately to the user department
The gaps findings. Analysis and risk profiling helps the user to take necessary action on rectification and hence reduce the cost of operations and risks.